Professional Education:

 

Articles/Text

 

Videos

White Papers

  • Oral Inflammation And Cardiovascular Diseases

    Atherosclerosis, the thickening and hardening of arteries produced by a build-up of plaque, is the underlying cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD). It is essentially an inflammatory disease, whereby an initial lesion, in response to injury to the endothelium of elastic and muscular arterial tissue, leads to a complex chronic inflammatory process. There is accumulating evidence of a role for infectious agents in atherogenesis; by causing endothelial injury, they may, in part, trigger the inflammatory response. The levels of inflammatory mediators in the systemic circulation, such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen, are indicators of a general inflammatory response and atherosclerosis. This link between inflammation and atherosclerosis suggests that chronic infections, such as oral infections from periodontal disease, may predispose to cardiovascular disease. Significant similarities in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and periodontitis have suggested a common underlying biological mechanism for the two conditions. Based on this paradigm, several studies have investigated the relationship between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease.
    Get more information »
  • Oral Inflammation And Diabetes

    Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder affecting carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism. It is characterized by hyperglycemia (i.e., elevation of blood glucose concentration) caused by the defective secretion of insulin (type I), or impaired insulin action due to tissue resistance (type II). While there is no known cure for diabetes, appropriate measures can be taken to control blood glucose levels and prevent both acute and chronic complications. Poor glycemic control in diabetic patients has several repercussions, including some on oral health. Patients with diabetes are prone to develop oral complications such as gingivitis and periodontal disease, fungal infections (oral candidiasis, lichen planus), dental caries, tooth loss, enlarged parotid glands, xerostomia, taste dysfunction, and burning mouth syndrome.
    Get more information »
  • Overview Of Oral Inflammation

    Over the last 25 years, the field of periodontology has witnessed remarkable changes in the understanding of disease processes and their relationship to the body as a whole. The focus on inflammation of the gingiva and periodontium, as important solely for disease of the oral cavity, has shifted to include significant associations with the health of other body systems.
    Get more information »